Nepal at a Glance

Nepal at Glance: sharpen your I.Q! Know the basics about Nepal!

Area of Nepal
Nepal covers an area of 147,181 sq. km, of which 143,151 sq. km is land and 4,300 sq. km is water.

Capital City
Kathmandu city.

Population of Nepal
27.8 million, according to a 2010 UN census.

Life Expectancy
68 years for men, and 70 years for women

Geographical Location
Nepal is a landlocked country. It lies between the two powerful nations of India and China; China to north and India to east, west and south. Nepal shares an open border with India. Nepal’s geography varies from low altitude plains in the Terai, to lush forest in the hilly region, to towering mountains in the Himalayas. Eight of the ten highest peaks in the world are in Nepal, including the highest – Mount Everest.

Nepal is a multicultural and multilingual nation. The national language is Nepali, but as you travel through the different regions of Nepal, you will find different local languages, culture and lifestyle.

The climate of Nepal can be classified into four distinct seasons:

  • Spring: March to May
  • Summer: June to August
  • Autumn: September to November
  • Winter: December to February

People and religion
Nepal is a multicultural nation, with many different people and religions. Broadly, the different ethnic groups can be divided into two types: Indo-Aryans and Mongoloids (Kirat). Modern day Nepal is a secular nation, but before 2007 it was a Hindu Kingdom. Hinduism is predominant, but Buddhism is not far behind considering the Buddha’s birthplace – Lumbini – is located in southern Nepal. Some Christian and Muslim influence can also be seen, along with local traditions in some remote communities.

Currency/ Foreign currency exchange
The currency of Nepal is Nepali Rupees. The Nepali rupee comes in the denominations of NRs.1, NRs. 2, NRs.5, NRs.10, NRs.20, NRs.50, NRs.100, NRs.500 and NRs.1000. For NRs.1 and NRs. 2, coins are frequently used.

You can exchange your home currency into Nepalese rupees at the airport. You can also exchange it through banks or other authorized foreign exchange counters in Nepal. For the current exchange rate, visit the website of Nepal Rastra Bank, the central bank of Nepal.

GNI per capital
USD 480 (As per the census survey of 2010 conducted by World Bank)

Main Exports
Nepal exports carpets, clothing garments, leather goods, jute goods and other handmade items.

Internet domain

Telephone/ Postal Code

Certifications and Affiliations


Registered with: Company Registration Office, Government of Nepal


Licensed by: Nepal Tourism Board and Department of Tourism


Proud Member of Trekking Agency's Association of Nepal


General Member of Nepal Mountaineering Association